Let’s play a game. If we asked you to name 10 different types of HGV, could you do it? Or would you struggle after maybe 3 or 4? Don’t worry – you’re not alone! Despite the fact that the term ‘HGV’ only refers to a vehicles weight and size, it can be difficult for people to imagine what classes as an HGV outside of the typical articulated lorry. So today, we’ve got a few examples of the lesser-known HGV to help you up your HGV bingo game.
Dry And Consumer Goods
This is the most common and most easily-recognisable type of HGV on the roads. Large rigid or articulated lorries, trundling down the motorways between ports and shops, delivering dry and consumer goods of all shapes and sizes. Since these are essentially just big empty boxes, they can be filled with almost anything. Clothes? Yes. Food? Yes. Computers? Yes. Compost? Yes. And anything in-between as well. They typically come in 2 styles – ‘box’ body (which just looks like a big shipping container), or ‘curtain-sided’, which looks like an enormous heavy shower curtain draped over a metal frame.
Flatbed lorries are a good all-rounder, because they have a flat, open body that’s perfect for transporting large, heavy items that just won’t fit into containers. This means you see all sorts of weird and wonderful things strapped to them, from boars and machinery to construction materials and even a fully assembled mobile home!
Now, this is where it gets confusing, because not all emergency vehicles are classified as HGV’s. For example police cars and ambulances aren’t – you only need a standard licences to drive those, plus any specialist training given by that particular emergency service. But a fire engine requires you to hold a HGV licence to drive, due to their weight. This means gaining a HGV licence and taking an advanced driving course.
These are vehicles specifically designed to transport livestock, and can include anything from chicken and pig lorries to horseboxes. HGV’s are specifically designed with pens to keep the animals safe during transit, and are generally only driven short distances, like between a farm and a market.
Tankers are the gigantic tube-like containers that you sometimes see strapped to the back of a lorry, held level by metal struts and marked with bright lettering. Tankers are designed to transport liquids, and can carry anything from the most hazardous and toxic chemicals used in manufacturing, right the way through to water reserves. Because of their shape and design, they are completely sealed and safe, so you don’t need to worry if you see one! Fun fact, they are also used to transport other ‘liquid-like’ materials that would be hard to move any other way – like grains, sugar or other powders.
Some goods require chilling in order to keep them safe to consume and extend their shelf life. They’re used for a wide variety of things, but the most common industry is definitely food and drinks. Refrigerated HGV’s can come in a range of sizes, from small freezer vans to large refrigerated containers strapped to articulated lorry beds. These keep produce fresh when it’s being shipped in bulk across the country.
This is our favourite section, because it basically covers everything else we haven’t mentioned above. All of those HGV’s so specific that unless you’re in the industry, you might not even know they exist. These HGV’s have been designed for one specific purpose in mind, so they might only be used in one place, for one job, or at one time of year. A few examples include:
- Cement mixers
- Snow Ploughs
- Highway maintenance vehicles
- Tow Trucks
- Car Transporters
At The Surrey And Hampshire Training centre, we have trainers on hand to help you learn to drive every single one of the HGVs listed above, and more. We have years of experience not only in teaching aspiring drivers how to drive them safely, but of driving them on the road ourselves as well. So you can get all the inside knowledge, behind the scenes tips and job advice you need to make a strong career as an HGV driver. To find out more, just get in touch with us today.
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